March 23, 2019
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Lab in Switzerland celebrates invention of the World Wide Web 30 years ago

 Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, speaking at a Web Summit in Lisbon, Portugal, on Nov. 5, 2018. EFE-EPA/JOSE SENA GOULAO

Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, speaking at a Web Summit in Lisbon, Portugal, on Nov. 5, 2018. EFE-EPA/JOSE SENA GOULAO

Geneva, Mar 11 (epe-efe).- The 30th anniversary of the invention of the World Wide Web will be celebrated at the site of its creation on Tuesday.

This month marks three decades since British software engineer Tim berners-Lee invented the groundbreaking system while working at the European Center for Particle Physics (CERN), in Geneva, Switzerland.

He will be present at an event celebrating his creation, which will review the positives and negatives that his invention has contributed to humanity since then.

It will also address issues such as the need to reinforce transparency and the threats of censorship.

Berners-Lee made his proposal for what would become the internet as we know it today to the head of the CERN so that scientists could share information with universities and other institutions around the world.

That initiative would see the first browser, website and server, which went live at Christmas 1990.

By that time the physicist had already defined the basic concepts of what would be html, http and URL.

In fact, the first web page was devoted to offering information about the WWW project.

The WWW became a program that allowed the use of the internet, an existing infrastructure but one that did not function as a network.

His invention has changed the lives of practically everyone in the world.

The project rapidly developed and in April 1993 CERN decided that the WWW should be in the public domain.

There were 500 known servers that year, which increased to more than 10,000 the following year, of which 2,000 had commercial use.

The number of WWW users were around 10,000, while today it is estimated that half of the world's population has access to the Web.

However, the use of the internet is receding in several countries due to state-imposed restrictions to limit freedom of expression and the right to information.

One example is China, where the authorities maintain a strong censorship of content and impose sanctions on companies they deem inappropriate.

Protests took place this weekend in Russia against a bill on the disconnection of the internet in the case of external threats.

Other countries including Turkey, Iran, Egypt or India are also following the trend of online censorship.

There are also growing concerns about whether there are sufficient regulations to protect the privacy of individuals.

The challenges of the Web will be discussed on Tuesday at CERN by a panel including specialists, internet entrepreneurs and advocates of free and open source programs.

They will also discuss scientists who worked with Berners-Lee at CERN while he was working on his project.

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