September 18, 2019
Latest News
Science & Technology

Moon landing anniversary: 12 astronauts have walked on its surface

Madrid, Jul 8 (efe-epa).- Since the Soviet Union launched the first Luna-1 probe in 1959, around 60 manned and unmanned missions have been sent to the Moon.

The first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Earth’s only natural satellite was launched on January 2, 1959 as part of the Soviet luna program.

Russia, the United States, Japan, China, the European Union, India and most recently Israel have also carried out missions to the Moon and twelve NASA astronauts have walked on its surface.

The Soviet Union was the first country that managed to achieve an orbit and American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first set foot on the lunar surface with Apollo 11 in 1969.

They were not the only ones to reach the Moon, Apollo 11 was followed by another five missions each carrying three crew members.

In total there were 12 astronauts who walked on the surface and six who remained orbiting in a command module.

The last mission was Apollo 17 in 1972, with astronaut Gene Cernan the most recent person to set foot on the Moon.

Missions of the Apollo program since 1969:

- Apollo 11, launched July 16, 1969: Landed on the Moon four days after launch and on July 21 commander Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the moon and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin was the second, while command module pilot Michael Collins stayed in orbit. Armstrong and Aldrin used the Eagle lunar module to land on the surface.

- Apollo 12, launched on November 19, 1969: The mission's commander Charles "Pete" Conrad was the third man to walk on the Moon, followed by lunar module pilot Alan Bean, while command module pilot Richard Gordon remained in orbit.

- Apollo 13, launched on April 11, 1970: The crew had to abort the mission after an explosion in an oxygen tank. The three astronauts James Lovell, Fred Haise and John Swigert all returned safely to Earth.

- Apollo 14, launched on January 31, 1971: The crew consisted of commander Alan Shepard, the first NASA astronaut who traveled to space in 1961, lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell and command module pilot Stuart Roosa.

- Apollo 15, launched on July 26,1971: Crew was composed of commander David Scott, lunar module pilot James Irwin and command module pilot Alfred Worden.

- Apollo 16, launched on April 16, 1972: The crew consisted of commander John Young, lunar module pilot Charles Duke and Thomas Mattingly as the pilot of the command module.

- Apollo 17, launched on December 7, 1972: The final mission of NASA’s lunar space program and the most recent time humans have walked on the surface of the Moon. It was the only nighttime release. Crew were commander Eugene Cernan, lunar module pilot Harrison Schmitt and Ronald Evans as the pilot of the command module that stayed orbiting the Moon. The mission saw the longest amount of time spent on the surface of three days. EFE-EPA

Am-doc.ngg/rb

News history
New study reveals giant size of extinct marsupials that once roamed Australia

Washington, Sep 13 (efe-epa).- Paleontologists have found that a species belonging to an extinct genus of marsupial that roamed Australia some 25 million...

Disney CEO leaves Apple's board of directors ahead of streaming services war

San Francisco, USA, Sep 13 (efe-epa).- The chairman and CEO of the Walt Disney Company has resigned from Apple's board of directors – of which he had been a...

Bacteria in cash, pizza as medicine and other crazy experiments win Ig Nobels

Washington DC, Sep 12 (efe-epa).- The number of deadly bacteria lurking in cash or the medicinal properties of pizza are some of the unusual experiments...

Russian scientists patent system to collect space debris

Moscow, Sep 12 (efe-epa).- Student Russian scientists have patented a system of devices to remove space garbage from the Earth's orbit.

Remakes of iconic games steal limelight at Tokyo Game Show

By María Roldán

Bringing children in Peru up to speed with the internet

By Álvaro Mellizo

Water vapor detected in potentially habitable exoplanet's atmosphere

London, Sep 11 (efe-epa).- Scientists for the first time have detected water vapor in the atmosphere of an exoplanet of a size comparable to Earth, making...

Pioneering technology uses plants and microorganisms to produce electricity

By Mercedes Palomino

Science Museum explores how London became global hub for innovation

By Laura Sanfélix

Two viable embryos developed from northern white rhinos

Nairobi, Sep 11 (efe-epa).- Scientists working to save the northern white rhinos from extinction announced Wednesday that two eggs fertilized 10 days ago...

Indian space agency loses contact with lunar lander

New Delhi, Sep 7 (efe-epa).- India's space agency said Saturday that ground controllers lost contact with the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft's Vikram lander...

Countdown begins for India's moon mission to touch down at lunar South Pole

New Delhi, Sep 6 (efe-epa).- The countdown began on Friday for Chandrayaan-2 to land a rover on the Moon, India’s most ambitious space program to look for...

Yamnaya steppe tribe that invaded Iberia advanced as far as India

By Elena Camacho

Baby hippopotamus is latest resident at Nicaragua zoo

Managua, Sep 5 (efe-epa).- A baby hippopotamus, the only member of the species in Nicaragua and which was rescued from a circus, starting Thursday is the...

Austrian technology art festival looks at AI's future impact on humanity

By Luis Lidon

Mexican region gets first desalination plant for ag use in the Americas

By Juan Carlos Machorro

Iran denies burning of its satellite Nahid-1

Tehran, Aug 31 (efe-epa).- Iran has denied the failure of the launch of a communication satellite on Saturday as alleged by the United States.

Soyuz MS-15’s crew undergoes tests ahead of flight to ISS

Moscow, Aug 30 (efe-epa).- The crew members of the Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft on Friday concluded the second day of tests before heading to International Space...

SpaceX Dragon capsule returns to Earth with NASA materials

Washington, Aug 27 (efe-epa).- The SpaceX CRS-108 Dragon space capsule returned safely to Earth on Tuesday loaded with assorted NASA materials, plunging...

Square marks boundary between haves, have-nots in Chile's capital

By Alberto Valdes Gomez

Russia's Soyuz capsule with Fedor robot on board docks at ISS on 2nd attempt

Moscow, Aug 27 (efe-epa).- The Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft, with the Russian Fedor robot as its only crew member, docked Tuesday at the International Space...

Dinosaur paleontology under threat in Argentina

By Pablo Ramón Ochoa

Soyuz carrying robot to attempt dock on ISS after failed attempt

Moscow, Aug 24 (efe-epa).- The Russian Soyuz MS-14 ship carrying android FEDOR as its sole crew member will try to dock on the International Space Station...

The tech hub that flourished against all odds in Gaza

By Laura Fernández Palomo

I agree Welcome to news4europe.eu. We use cookies to improve your online experience. Find out more.