August 20, 2019
Latest News
Science & Technology

India’s second lunar mission takes off with ‘billion dreams to the Moon’

By Sarwar Kashani and Shubhomoy Chatterjee,

New Delhi, Jul 22 (efe-epa).- India on Monday successfully launched a spacecraft to land on the hitherto unchartered south pole of the Moon after an aborted attempt last week following a last minute technical glitch.

The unmanned Chandrayaan-2, meaning Moon vehicle in Sanskrit, lifted off at 2:43 p.m. local time, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said about the mission, which it noted was taking “a billion dreams to the Moon.”

The live-streaming of the launch showed the rocket, carrying the spacecraft, blasting off from the space center in southern India. Minutes later, the boosters got detached as the craft began its 384,000km (239,000-mile) 48-day journey to the Moon.

The spacecraft, the ISRO said, was successfully injected into the Earth’s orbit.

The landing, if successful, of the spacecraft in September will make India, the country of 1.3 billion people, the fourth nation joining an elite club after the former Soviet Union, the United States and China who have made a soft touchdown on the Moon.

According to India’s space experts, the $150 fully-indigenous million is to collect samples from the unknown territory of the Earth’s closest neighbor in search of water, minerals and helium-3 isotope – widely speculated future energy source.

The radioactive isotope is said to be available in abundance on the upper layer of the solid covering of the Moon, collected for billions of years by solar wind along the lunar regolith.

Among other things, the mission is also to measure moonquakes and deeper insights into the evolution of the satellite.

The success of the mission is significant for India that has been asserting itself as a global space power to be reckoned with and is planning to launch a manned space mission by 2022.

Besides, national pride also runs high. Hindu right-wing Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, boasts of such technological advancements as a marker of India’s global-power status.

“The launch of Chandrayaan-2 illustrates the prowess of our scientists and the determination of 130 crore (1.3 billion) Indians to scale new frontiers of science. Every Indian is immensely proud today,” Modi tweeted to his 48.7 million twitter followers.

“This mission will offer new knowledge about the Moon.”

Modi, in March this year, in the middle of the general elections that he won with a landslide majority, announced the successful test of the country’s first space weapon – a missile that can shoot down enemy satellites in space.

ISRO chief K. Sivan in his address to some 1,000 engineers and scientists who worked on this mission said: “Today is a historical day for space and science and technology in India” that marked “the beginning of a historical journey of India towards the Moon and land in a place near south pole."

ISRO’s former chairman G. Madhavan Nair, one of the most popular names in India’s rocket technology, told EFE, that the successful launch of the mission heralds a new chapter in India’s ambitious space program.

“It gives us a great sense of pride to see our space program making progress in leaps and bounds,” he said.

Nair, who led the space agency for six years from September 2003, said the complex mission of landing on the Moon will “surely assert India’s as one of the space powers in the world” and prove to be vital in the country’s “future bigger space missions”.

This is India’s second lunar mission after Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 that did not land on the Moon but used radars to carry out a detailed search for water on the satellite.

In the second mission, the space agency used its powerful rocket, the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk-III) that weighs 640 tonnes and is as high as a 14-storey building.

The spacecraft weighs 3.8 tonnes and has three distinct parts: an orbiter, a lander and a rover.

The lander is expected to make a controlled landing on Sep 7 and deploy a rover at the Moon’s south pole, according to the ISRO. The rover will analyze the lunar soil and will send data and images back to Earth. EFE-EPA

sc-ssk/jt

News history
Twitter: China has mounted campaign to delegitimize Hong Kong protests

San Francisco, Aug 19 (efe-epa).- Twitter on Monday said that it had uncovered a coordinated effort by 936 accounts originating in China to delegitimize the...

US gives China's Huawei another 90-day reprieve on sanctions

Washington, Aug 19 (efe-epa).- Chinese tech giant Huawei Technologies on Monday criticized the sanctions imposed by the Donald Trump administration as being...

Arctic’s accelerated ice melt, temperature rises worry experts

By Anxo Lamela and Juanjo Galan

Dinosaurs brought back to life with augmented reality

Logroño, Spain, Aug 11 (efe-epa).- Dinosaur lovers will be able to see the creatures brought back to life thanks to augmented reality.

Seaweed jungles: masses of algae vital to the Patagonian ecosystem

By Patricia Lopez Rosell

World's largest parrot lived in New Zealand 19 million years ago

Sydney, Australia, Aug 7 (efe-epa).- The world's largest parrot, which was nearly 1 meter (3.3 feet) tall and weighed around 7 kilograms (15.4 pounds),...

Scientists convinced there is life on other planets but have not found it

By Raúl Casado

Largest geode cave in Europe opens to visitors

Pulpí, Spain, Aug 4 (efe-epa).- The Pulpí Geode, the largest in Europe and second in the world, has opened to visitors 20 years after being discovered in...

The pink meanie jellyfish returns to South Africa

The pink meanie was discovered during a nightlight jellyfish dive by the Two Oceans Aquarium collections team in the waters around Robben Island and in Cape...

Study of dinosaur footprints shows their movement in soft terrain

By Pilar Mazo

Sahara sends dust to Canary Islands for 4.6 million years

Las Palmas, Spain, July 23 (efe).- The world's largest desert, the Sahara, has sent dust waves across the Atlantic ocean to Europe for at least 4.6 million...

NASA develops MHS spaceship to fly over Mars

By Ivan Mejia

India’s second lunar mission takes off with ‘billion dreams to the Moon’

By Sarwar Kashani and Shubhomoy Chatterjee,

US sees Moon landing anniversary as stimulus for new space race

By Alvaro Blanco

Russian spacecraft takes off for ISS, pays tribute to Apollo 11 Moon landing

Moscow, Jul 20 (efe-epa).-Russia's Soyuz MS-13 spacecraft lifted off on Saturday night from Kazakhstan's Baikonur cosmodrome on a trip to the International...

Chinese space lab Tiangong 2 to fall to Earth in controlled reentry

Beijing, Jul 19 (efe-epa).- Chinese space lab Tiangong 2 is set to return to Earth on Friday through a controlled reentry into the atmosphere after spending...

Happy 40th birthday: Tokyo exhibit evokes Walkman nostalgia

By Nora Olive

India to re-launch Moon mission Chandrayaan-2 next week

New Delhi, Jul 18 (efe-epa).- India’s space agency said Thursday that it would carry out the launch of its unmanned mission to explore the Moon's...

Ecuadorian women scientists slam gender gap in their profession

By Christian A. Sanchez

Another delay in India’s prestigious lunar mission, disappointing but needed

By Sarwar Kashani

Another delay in India’s prestigious lunar mission, disappointing but needed

Madrid Desk, Jul 17 (efe-epa).- Fifty years ago Neil Armstrong became the first human to walk on the moon and no one has left their footprints on the rocky...

European Vega rocket lost shortly after liftoff

Paris, Jul 11 (efe-epa).- A European Vega rocket that was launching a satellite into space was lost shortly after liftoff from the Kourou base in French...

Apple strengthens its presence in China with new app development center

Shanghai, Jul 10 (efe-epa).- Apple has reinforced its bid to conquer the mouthwatering Chinese market by inaugurating its first application development...

Google backs AI to solve global issues

Tokyo, Jul 10 (efe-epa) .- Tech giant Google is championing artificial intelligence (AI) to solve global problems in the areas of health, the prediction of...

I agree Welcome to news4europe.eu. We use cookies to improve your online experience. Find out more.