October 16, 2019
Latest News
Science & Technology

Arctic’s accelerated ice melt, temperature rises worry experts

 An iceberg is stranded near the village of Innaarsuit, in the Avannaata Municipality, northwestern Greenland, July 12, 2018. EPA-EFE FILE/Magnus Kristensen

An iceberg is stranded near the village of Innaarsuit, in the Avannaata Municipality, northwestern Greenland, July 12, 2018. EPA-EFE FILE/Magnus Kristensen

By Anxo Lamela and Juanjo Galan

Copenhagen/Helsinki, Aug 14 (efe-epa).- Scientists are alarmed by the pace of ice melt, droughts and higher temperatures in the Arctic, linking the recent extreme changes to climate change.

Above-average temperatures and decreased rainfall have been recorded in June and July all over the autonomous Danish territory of Greenland, which has the world’s second largest ice sheet after Antarctica.

“These phenomena occur from time to time, but the heatwave from Europe at the end of July was an additional boost,” Ruth Mottram, climate scientist and glaciologist at the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), told Efe.

This summer’s rapid loss of glacial and sea ice came after a long period of higher overall temperatures and a dry winter.

Greenland’s ice sheet lost a record of 11 billion tons of surface ice in just one day earlier this month, which is more than double the daily average this season.

“According to the models we use, we do not expect the absolute record of 2012 to be exceeded, but it does enter the ‘top 5’,” said Mottram, noting the Greenland ice sheet has experienced nine high ice melts in the past 15 years.

The DMI scientist acknowledged that although meteorological variations may fluctuate from one year to another, the predictions suggest that these phenomena would take place more often and the Arctic’s ice melt would continue to increase.

Sebastian Mernild, climatologist and CEO of the Norwegian Nansen Environmental Center, said the Arctic Sea ice area has decreased since mid-July by four percent lower than the previous record low set in 2012.

“The consequences are serious,” Mernild pointed out.

“It is becoming worse. There is a negative balance in the ice sheet that contributes to the rise in sea level, and that is problematic.

“What we have seen this year is likely to be seen more frequently. Extreme phenomena will become normal.”

Climate change has “clear” effects on people in the Arctic because the snow is arriving later and melting earlier.

In the most populous town in eastern Greenland, Tasiilaq, the sled dog population has decreased to a couple of hundred because the early melting of the ice has led to shorter hunting seasons.

The Norwegian Polar Institute said earlier that 200 reindeers starved to death in the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard last winter because they could no longer find food.

The climate change impacts also can be noticed in other countries of the Arctic area such as Finland, with summers marked by reduced precipitation and above-average temperatures, while winters are becoming warmer with less snow.

Helsinki recorded a temperature of 33.2C (91.7) on July 28, breaking its previous record.

Many areas across the country witnessed long period of droughts that contributed to hundreds of small forest fires.

Finnish experts estimate that the national average temperature has risen 2.3C since the mid-19th century, with a steep rise in the last three decades.

Temperatures will continue to rise in the Nordic country over the average global temperature due to climate change, according to the Finnish Meteorological Institute.

The institute said that by the end of the 21st century the average annual temperature of Finland would increase between 2.3 and 6C, compared to the 1986-2005 period, depending of the evolution of air pollutant emissions.

Local authorities are so concerned about the effects of global warming that they have adopted a National Climate Change Adaptation Plan, with the aim to become a carbon neutral country before 2035. EFE-EPA

alc-jg/sm/jt

News history
New study reveals giant size of extinct marsupials that once roamed Australia

Washington, Sep 13 (efe-epa).- Paleontologists have found that a species belonging to an extinct genus of marsupial that roamed Australia some 25 million...

Disney CEO leaves Apple's board of directors ahead of streaming services war

San Francisco, USA, Sep 13 (efe-epa).- The chairman and CEO of the Walt Disney Company has resigned from Apple's board of directors – of which he had been a...

Bacteria in cash, pizza as medicine and other crazy experiments win Ig Nobels

Washington DC, Sep 12 (efe-epa).- The number of deadly bacteria lurking in cash or the medicinal properties of pizza are some of the unusual experiments...

Russian scientists patent system to collect space debris

Moscow, Sep 12 (efe-epa).- Student Russian scientists have patented a system of devices to remove space garbage from the Earth's orbit.

Remakes of iconic games steal limelight at Tokyo Game Show

By María Roldán

Bringing children in Peru up to speed with the internet

By Álvaro Mellizo

Water vapor detected in potentially habitable exoplanet's atmosphere

London, Sep 11 (efe-epa).- Scientists for the first time have detected water vapor in the atmosphere of an exoplanet of a size comparable to Earth, making...

Pioneering technology uses plants and microorganisms to produce electricity

By Mercedes Palomino

Science Museum explores how London became global hub for innovation

By Laura Sanfélix

Two viable embryos developed from northern white rhinos

Nairobi, Sep 11 (efe-epa).- Scientists working to save the northern white rhinos from extinction announced Wednesday that two eggs fertilized 10 days ago...

Indian space agency loses contact with lunar lander

New Delhi, Sep 7 (efe-epa).- India's space agency said Saturday that ground controllers lost contact with the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft's Vikram lander...

Countdown begins for India's moon mission to touch down at lunar South Pole

New Delhi, Sep 6 (efe-epa).- The countdown began on Friday for Chandrayaan-2 to land a rover on the Moon, India’s most ambitious space program to look for...

Yamnaya steppe tribe that invaded Iberia advanced as far as India

By Elena Camacho

Baby hippopotamus is latest resident at Nicaragua zoo

Managua, Sep 5 (efe-epa).- A baby hippopotamus, the only member of the species in Nicaragua and which was rescued from a circus, starting Thursday is the...

Austrian technology art festival looks at AI's future impact on humanity

By Luis Lidon

Mexican region gets first desalination plant for ag use in the Americas

By Juan Carlos Machorro

Iran denies burning of its satellite Nahid-1

Tehran, Aug 31 (efe-epa).- Iran has denied the failure of the launch of a communication satellite on Saturday as alleged by the United States.

Soyuz MS-15’s crew undergoes tests ahead of flight to ISS

Moscow, Aug 30 (efe-epa).- The crew members of the Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft on Friday concluded the second day of tests before heading to International Space...

SpaceX Dragon capsule returns to Earth with NASA materials

Washington, Aug 27 (efe-epa).- The SpaceX CRS-108 Dragon space capsule returned safely to Earth on Tuesday loaded with assorted NASA materials, plunging...

Square marks boundary between haves, have-nots in Chile's capital

By Alberto Valdes Gomez

Russia's Soyuz capsule with Fedor robot on board docks at ISS on 2nd attempt

Moscow, Aug 27 (efe-epa).- The Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft, with the Russian Fedor robot as its only crew member, docked Tuesday at the International Space...

Dinosaur paleontology under threat in Argentina

By Pablo Ramón Ochoa

Soyuz carrying robot to attempt dock on ISS after failed attempt

Moscow, Aug 24 (efe-epa).- The Russian Soyuz MS-14 ship carrying android FEDOR as its sole crew member will try to dock on the International Space Station...

The tech hub that flourished against all odds in Gaza

By Laura Fernández Palomo

I agree Welcome to news4europe.eu. We use cookies to improve your online experience. Find out more.