Catalonia declares independence, Spanish Senate strips it of autonomy
Hundreds of people take part in a pro-independence demonstration in Barcelona, Spain, Oct. 27, 2017. EFE-EPA/Marta Pérez
Carles Puigdemont after the declaration of independence was approved in the Catalan parliament in Barcelona,Spain, Oct. 27, 2017. EFE/Alberto Estévez
A lawmaker shows his "No" ballot at the Catalan parliament in Barcelona,Spain, Oct. 27, 2017. EFE/ Alberto Estévez
Lawmakers sing the Catalan anthem inside following the declaration of independence in Barcelona, Spain, Oct. 27, 2017. EFE/ Alberto Estévez
People celebrate in Barcelona, Spain, Oct. 27, 2017. EFE/Marta Perez
Mariano Rajoy (L) and deputy prime minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria (R) after the Senate's vote in Madrid, Spain, Oct. 27, 2017. EFE/Fernando Villar
Barcelona, Oct 27 (efe-epa).- Lawmakers at the Catalan parliament on Friday voted in favor of unilaterally declaring independence from Spain and thus triggered a response from the country's Senate that approved a constitutional measure to strip the northeastern region of its self-government.
The Catalan resolution was approved with 70 votes in favor, 10 against and two ballots left blank, in the regional chamber that has 135 seats.
A few minutes later, Spain's Senate voted to withdraw Catalonia's autonomy by 214 votes, 47 against and one abstention.
Crowds began to build in Barcelona's main squares with many jubilant supporters waving pro-independence flags.
Two senators, Jose Montilla, a former president of Catalonia, and Fracesc Antic, ex-president of the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, both walked out of the Senate prior to the vote.
The Catalan regional branches of Spain's main political parties _ the ruling conservative Popular Party, the Socialist Party (PSOE) and the center-right Ciudadanos _ all walked out of the Catalan parliament and refused to take part in the independence vote, which they considered unconstitutional.
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy assured that "the rule of law would restore legality to Catalonia," and asked Spain to remain calm.
His cabinet was scheduled to begin a meeting to discuss the results late Friday.
Initial reactions from around the world gave support to Spain but also called on its government to show restraint in dealing with the situation.
The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, said nothing would change for the European Union, who would continue considering Spain as a united Europe's only interlocutor in the issue.
"I hope the Spanish government favors force of argument, not argument of force," he said on his official Twitter account.
The United States Department of State also voiced its backing for Spain, insisting that the two countries were close allies with a great friendship.
"Catalonia is an integral part of Spain, and the United States supports the Spanish government's constitutional measures to keep Spain strong and united," read a statement by spokesperson Heather Nauert.
Steffen Seibert, spokesperson for the German government, assured that it did not recognize Catalonia's declaration of independence and insisted it supported the measures adopted by Spain.
In a statement, he said Spain's sovereignty and territorial integrity were untouchable and the unilateral declaration of independence went against these protected principles.
"The government supports the clear stance of the Spanish Prime Minister to guarantee and restore constitutional," he said, adding: "We therefore hope that all parties use every available chance for dialogue and de-escalation."
A Spanish government source confirmed to EFE that Madrid would appeal the declaration of independence at the Constitutional Court, the highest rung of the country's judiciary.
Lawmakers at the Catalan parliament had previously approved starting the constitutional mechanisms necessary to create a new state with 71 votes in favor, eight against and three abstentions.
As the vote took place, some 15,000 people gathered outside the parliament building in Barcelona to protest in favor of independence, chanting "not a single step back," and "we are with you."
At the same time, the Spanish Senate was preparing a series of measures underpinning Article 155 of the Constitution, a legal device to bring autonomous regions under the central government's direct rule.
The Senate's debate was ordered by Rajoy after a cabinet meeting Saturday as a response to Catalonia's bid for independence.
The government wants to remove Puigdemont and his cabinet from their posts, limit the functions of the local parliament, impose direct Madrid rule on some Catalan ministries and institutions as well as call fresh elections.
According to the Spanish government source, these measures are to be applied immediately after the Senate approves them.